Green tea is non-fermented tea, which has preserved the natural substance of the fresh leaves. It contains tea polyphenols, catechins, chlorophyll, caffeine, amino acids, vitamins and other nutrients. These natural substances have special effect for anti-aging, anti-cancer, sterilization, anti-inflammatory and others. Green tea is made from the newly grew branches, after withering, roasting, drying and other traditional procedure. The color of the dried tea, and the brewed tea are mostly green. That’s where the name “green tea” comes from. Green tea uses the freshly collected leaves, going through high temperature withering, killing all the oxidase, which maintained the green color of the tea. Then, the green tea is completed after roasting and drying. The clear green of the teas are the common character of all types of green tea.
The commonly see green teas are Longjing, Biluochun, Yellow Mountain Maofeng, Lu’an Guapian, Taihu Lake Bamboo, Xinyang Maojian, Taiping Houkui, Sunshine green tea, Guzhu purple bamboo shoots, Lushan Yunwu, Anji Baicha, Mongolian stone, Gujing tea, Zijia green tea, Emei snow buds, Huizhou Songluo, Yangxian Xueya are green tea. Here will introduce you several famous green teas:
- West Lake Longjing
West Lake Longjing is a historical famous tea. It is well known for four characteristics “Green in color, strong in flavor, pure in taste, beautiful in shape”. It has the name of “the top of the hundred teas”, “the queen of the green tea.” The West Lake green tea was first produced in late Ming dynasty and early Qing dynasty. The Qing Emperor Qian Long has classified it as royal tea. Since the beginning of the People’s Republic of China, West Lake has been listed as “National gift tea” ever since. It ranks the top of the ten famous teas in China. According to the relevant provisions of the protection for geographical indications, only the green tea planted and collected from the 169 square meters around West Lake Scenic Area and the West Lake area can be called “West Lake Longjing”.
Biluchun is a famous green tea originally grown in the Dongting mountain region near Lkae Tai, Jiangsu, China. Started from Ming dynasty, it becomes famous during the Qianlong period. In Qing dynasty, it was listed as royal tea, and is one of top ten tea in China. Due to the geographic protection, it is also called “Dongting Biluochun”. Local describes it as “scary fragrance”.
- Lu’an Melon Seed
Lu’an Melon See is also a historical famous tea, also called “Pian tea. It is the only historical tea that are made from single fresh tea leaves, which does not contain the head and the end of the tea leaves. The shape of the Lu’an Melon Seed is straight and smooth, like melon seeds. And the color, flavor, taste, and shape are all concentrated on the shape of the tea. After brewing, the flavor is persistent, the tea is clear and bright. The tea has pretty melon after taste.
- Yellow mountain Maofeng
Yellow mountain Maofeng is produced in Huangshan city, Anhui. Because of the new tea is “white and sharp like mountain top”, and the fresh leaves are collected from the top of the yellow mountain, therefore, the tea has the name of “Yellow Mountain Maofeng”. After brewing, freshness will spread around, smells like orchid, and the leaves will float in the cup, thus, it is also known as “light as the wing of cicada, soft like the heart of lotus”.
- Guqing Tea
Guqing Tea is also known as “Guqing royal tea”, which is produced in Nayong county, Guizhou. The county is called “village of China alpine ecological organic tea”. Because its unique geographic location of over 1800 altitude above sea level, which determined the quality of the Guqing tea with no pesticide residue. Due to its unique quality and flavor, it is loved by many people.
- Xinyang Maojian
Xinyang Maojian is also called Yu Maofeng. It is the traditional famous tea for Han nationality, which is also one of the top 10 famous tea in China. It is produced in Hunan Province, created in the early Republic of China. It is mainly produced in Xinyang county and Xin County, Shangcheng County and Dabie mountain area. The Xinyang Maojian has unique characters of “Thin, round, shine, more white, strong flavor, green”. It helps with appetites and cure the thirsty, refreshing, and other nutritional value.
- Taiping Houkui
Taiping Houkui is a traditional famous tea in Han Nationality. It is also one of the historical tea in China, belonging to the green tea. It I produced in Taiping county in Anhui, now changed to Yellow Mountain district in Yellow Mountain City. IT’s renowned for its “two knives and one pole”: two straight leaves clasping the enormous bud with white hairs.
- Lushan Yunwu
Lushan Yunwu is a traditional famous tea in Han Nationality. It is also one of the historical tea in China. It starts from Han Dynasty, listed as “Royal tea” in Song dynasty. The name comes from its production places – Lushan, Jiujiang, Jiangxi Province. The tea bud is green. The strips are tide and pretty. The aroma is lasting and fresh. The tea is clear and bright. It is common to use “6 greatness” to describe the Lushan Yunwu, which is “strong leaves, green in color, bright in tea, even tea leaves, long lasting aroma, sweet after taste”.