Matcha 101 – Complete Guide to Matcha Tea

In this article we cover all the aspects that make matcha what it is today.

What is Japanese Matcha Tea?

Japanese matcha tea, also known as Japanese Green Tea, is a type of powdered tea made from tea leaves grown in Japan. It has a high antioxidant content and is prepared differently from traditional loose-leaf teas.

Matcha Origins and Cultural Significance

Matcha tea was originally introduced to Japan from China, along with the culture of grinding tea leaves into a fine powder. In Japan, it gained cultural significance through ceremonial rights and specific preparation methods.

Matcha Preparation Process

Instead of steeping powder in sachets as with whole-leaf teas, the Japanese prepare this tea by whisking and stirring it with hot water. This method was believed to produce a better taste and was initially done using spoons and utensils. Later, whisks were introduced to aid in the process.


Matcha powder is produced by grinding green tea leaves. Traditionally, this was done by hand using specialized tools, but as demand increased, machines were developed for mass production. Hand grinding is still used for high-end products due to the belief that it results in superior taste and quality.


Matcha is traditionally whisked in small bowls, allowing for precise control of the quality. The use of small bowls and limited water volume is common in Japanese tea preparation. Japanese tea ceremonies typically involve smaller groups, influencing this approach.

Utensils and Bowls

The utensil used to serve matcha is similar in appearance to the utensil used in China for scooping out tea leaves from a pot. It’s interesting to note that one culture uses the utensil to put tea into something, while the other uses it to take tea out. Chinese tea pots are typically used for Kung Fu tea, emphasizing steep times, pouring techniques, and other brewing methods.

Bowl Method

The idea of using a bowl for making  powder tea originated in China thousands of years ago. While less common than tea pots today, bowls are believed to capture a fresher scent as they are exposed to the air. Matcha drinking, as a result, is synonymous with using a bowl.

Tea Mats

Both Chinese and Japanese tea traditions use mats under teaware. These mats are typically made of bamboo, allowing for quick drying and preventing odors from being absorbed.

Matcha has a lot of overlap with Diancha powder making in China. The biggest difference, however, is the unique green tea leaves Japan produces. These leaves coupled with Japanese attentiveness to tea development and cultural detail is what makes matcha unlike any other tea in the world.